The Arc of Midland is a nonprofit organization which promotes the general welfare of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and increases their presence, participation and inclusion in the community.  The Arc of Midland was formed in 1952 by a group of parents who wanted their children to grow and develop and be full members of the community.  From this beginning a large number of support services have been developed.  Please see the complete history of the Arc of Midland below.

What is a developmental disability?

Developmental disabilities are a class of disabling conditions that usually originate before birth or shortly after and prior to age 22 and will continue through the course of a person’s life. There are approximately 7.2 million Americans (Source: The Arc US) with an intellectual or developmental disability or one in nine families. Causes can include:

  • Genetics
  • Trauma at birth
  • Poor nutrition
  • Substance abuse
  • Lead poisoning
  • Accidents
  • Environmental factors
  • Many causes unknown

Examples of intellectual and developmental disabilities can include:

  • Autism
  • Down syndrome
  • Rett syndrome
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Fetal Alcohol syndrome
  • Spina Bifida

What is an intellectual disability?

An intellectual/cognitive disability (previously known as mental retardation) is a below-average cognitive ability with three (3) characteristics:

  • Intelligent quotient (IQ) is between 70-75
  • Significant limitations in adaptive behaviors (ability to adapt and carry on everyday life activities such as self care, socializing, communicating, etc..)
  • The onset of the disability generally occurs before age 18, as it is a developmental disability.

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